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13 December 2017

Lactation Resource

Lactation Resource

July 18, 2016




Breastfeeding benefits (1)

Breast-feeding provides so many benefits for you baby. For instance:

  • Easier digestion – We know that breastmilk is better digested/tolerated than formula for most infants.

  • Customized for your baby – Most parents aren’t aware of the fact that breastmilk actually changes in its composition as your baby grows, so it truly is custom-made for your baby.

  • Immune boosting – There are other benefits to the infant including less infections and lower incidence of SIDS.

  • Obesity Risk Reduced – Studies have also shown less risk of obesity for breastfed infants.

  • Good for mom too – There are a multitude of benefits to moms as breastfeeding has been shown to help with recovery after delivery, decrease the chance of postpartum depression and lower the risks of some cancers.

Medical contraindications to breast-feeding (2)

  • The infant is diagnosed with having galactosemia, a rare genetic metabolic disorder

  • The mother is infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);

  • Taking antiretroviral medications

  • Has untreated, active tuberculosis

  • Is infected with human T-cell lymph tropic virus type I or type II

  • Is using an illicit drug

  • Is taking prescribed cancer chemotherapy agents and/or is undergoing radiation therapies;

Ways for mother and infant to receive bonding benefits of breastfeeding while bottle feeding (3)


  • Bonding between mother and baby is an essential part of the breast-feeding process and supports healthy attachment.

  • Skin on skin contact

  • Keep your natural scent so baby can recognize you

  • Focus on the baby; unplug from the day and electronics, talk to baby

Nutritional differences of cow’s milk, breast milk, and formulas (4)

Breast milk

  • Full of antibodies to help develop immune systems

  • Protein and minerals easier to digest and absorb more even though lower count

  • Water and carb ratio are higher

  • Studies show breastfed babies have higher levels of cognitive function

  • May even help child by reducing the risk of being overweight, and of developing asthma, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, Hodgkin’s disease, leukemia, and lymphoma

Cow’s Milk

  • No antibodies

  • Formula Feeding

  • It’s flexible

  • Moms eating is open more no worrying what to eat and enjoy alcohol drinks without passing on

  • Partners can help with feedings more

One day sample diet that meets the nutrition intake recommendations for breast feeding women


   Cereal –1 cup bran flakes

   1⁄2 cup fresh strawberries

   1 cup (8 oz) milk

Mid-Morning Snack

   Chocolate Crunch Bar

   1 peach


   Medifast Chicken Noodle Soup

   1 cup salad greens topped with 1⁄2 cup (mixed) sliced tomatoes and cucumbers, 1 Tbsp salad dressing

   4 – 8 oz yogurt

Mid-Afternoon Snack

   1 cup cottage cheese

   1 medium apple

   3 cups plain popped popcorn


   4 oz grilled salmon

   1⁄2 cup steamed broccoli

   1⁄2 cup medium sweet potato, baked and topped with 1 tsp butter

   1 cup (8 oz) milk

Evening Snack

   Vanilla Pudding

   1⁄2 cup blueberries or 1 ⁄2 cup strawberries dipped in 1 oz dark chocolate

Common breast-feeding conditions (5)

  • Sore nipples

  • Low milk supply

  • Plugged ducts

  • Infections

  • Inverted, flat, or very large nipples

Positive and negative impacts of maternal medications on mother’s breast milk (6)

There are several options to think about when using drugs and breast feeding. One of the most important would be the binding factor percentage of the maternal protein, the volume of distribution and the molecular weight. Using drugs with shorter lives and shorter peak times can decrease the exposure to the infant. “Given the immunologic and other benefits of breastfeeding, it may be more beneficial for the infant to be breast-fed even when mothers must use medications.”

Examples of herbal galactagogues (6)


  • Major galactogogue/ Common daily dose/ Interesting facts

  • Blessed thistle /2–6 g/ (1) Blessed and milk thistle are two distinct herbs. (2) Other thistles also may be used as galactogogues.

  • Milk thistle /12–1 /g /See above

  • Chaste tree fruit/ 30–40 mg/ (1) Also known as chasteberry and vitex. (2) If used in higher doses for breast pain, may affect nursing performance negatively.

  • Fennel/ 100–600 mg/ Also may aid in milk ejection.

  • Fenugreek/ 6 g/ (1) Most commonly used herbal galactogogue. (2) Do not use if allergic to peanuts or legumes. (3) Mother and baby may smell like maple syrup.

  • Garlic/ 4–9 g/ Increases nursing time if baby likes the smell or garlic. The opposite may occur if the baby does not like the smell.

  • Goat’s rue/ 1–2 mL tincture/ (1) Contains galegin, a precursor of metformin. (2) Metformin and galegin show galactogogue properties (increased milk production in goats, sheep, and cattle).


1. Instruments for assessing readiness to commence suck feeds in preterm infants: Effects on time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisation. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2016, from

2. Family Health Services, WIC. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2016, from

3. What to expect. (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2016, from

4. What’s the difference between breast milk and cow’s milk? (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2016, from

5. Breastfeeding: Common Breastfeeding Challenges Symptoms, Treatment, Causes – Nursing strike – MedicineNet. (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2016, from

6. Shaping our food – an overview of crop and livestock breeding. Edited by A. Lehrman. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden. Published in 2014, pp. 176. ISBN 978-91-637-5757-0 Available at (2014). Animal Genetic Resources/Ressources Génétiques Animales/Recursos Genéticos Animales Anim. Genet. Resour., 55, 143. doi:10.1017/s2078633614000435

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